The biggest immediate challenge for the EU will be replenishing its depleted gas inventories. While the EU could still increase LNG imports from countries such as the US, such purchases would be more expensive.
Refilling natural gas storage space to historical average levels this year could cost 70 billion euros, a sevenfold increase, compared to 10 billion euros in previous years. "
A complete replacement for Russian gas is not only very expensive, but it also may not be possible.
In the next 12 months, there is little way to meet the demand for a "normal" year in the absence of Gazprom, which also includes white cement.
What is white cement?
The raw material of appropriate composition is burned to partially melted. The clinker with calcium silicate as the main component and low iron content is added with appropriate amount of gypsum, and it is a white hydraulic cementing material made by grinding, called white silicate cement (referred to as white cement).
When grinding cement, it is allowed to add limestone not exceeding 5% of the cement weight.
Note: It is allowed to add grinding aids that do not damage the cement performance to grind cement, and the addition amount does not exceed 1% of the cement weight. Incorporation of other admixtures must be tested and submitted to the Ministry of Building Materials Industry for approval.
Grade of white cement:
(1) Label: There are four labels: 325, 425, 525, and 625.
(2) Whiteness: the minimum whiteness is not less than 87. 90 whiteness and 92 whiteness.
Characteristic of white cement:
White cement, white Portland cement is abbreviated as white cement, is a hydraulic cementitious material made of white Portland cement clinker added to gypsum and ground. The typical feature is high whiteness and bright color.
Applications of white cement:
The typical characteristic of white cement is that it has high whiteness and bright color. It is generally used as a variety of building decoration materials. Typical examples are stucco, sculpture, ground, terrazzo products, etc. White cement can also be used to make white and colored concrete components. It is the largest variety of decorative cement produced.
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