The Biden administration plans to ease sanctions on Venezuelan oil to allow more of the country's crude to reach Europe.
The U.S. will allow European companies still operating in Venezuela to immediately transfer more oil to the continent, while allowing Chevron to negotiate a resumption of operations in Venezuela, according to people familiar with the matter. Venezuela's OPPOSITION, which is backed by the United States, is understood to favor the move. Tight global oil supplies have sent crude and fuel costs soaring, threatening to add to already high inflation. Increasing Venezuelan crude exports would help ease supply constraints while also helping to reduce Europe's dependence on Russian energy.
The US has sought to encourage talks between the Venezuelan government and the US-backed opposition to open the way to free and fair elections by extending a limited license held by Chevron to allow the oil company to maintain its operations in Venezuela and negotiate future operations.
The United States reportedly did not extend a permit to Allow Chevron to drill and sell Venezuelan crude, as the company had hoped.
The license extension will allow Chevron to negotiate with State-run Petroleos de Venezuela SA, with which it has a joint venture. Previously, the company could not directly negotiate with any officials sanctioned by the United States. Chevron has been lobbying the United States to allow it to drill for Venezuelan crude and sell it on world markets to help lower energy prices amid the Russia-Ukraine war.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of many commodities like the niobium carbide powder are still very uncertain.
What is Niobium Carbide NbC?
Niobium carbide is a kind of metal carbide with the chemical formula NbC.
The appearance of niobium carbide is brown-gray metal powder with purple luster. It belongs to sodium chloride type cubic crystal system.
The relative density is 8.47. The lattice constant a=0.447nm. The melting point is 3500 ℃. Microhardness > 23.5Gpa (> 2400 kg/mm2), which is harder than that of corundum. Elastic modulus 338000N/mm2, thermal expansion coefficient 6.65×10^(-6)/K, thermal conductivity 14w/(m·K), heat of formation-140.7kJ/mol, specific heat capacity 36.8J/(mol·K), resistivity 35μΩ·cm.
Insoluble in hot and cold hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, soluble in hot hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid mixed solution. It is stable at 1000℃ and 1100℃, and rapidly oxidized to niobium pentoxide above 1100℃. Niobium carbide is easy to melt in titanium carbide, zirconium carbide, tungsten carbide and other compounds to form isomorphous solid solution mixture.
Niobium carbide is a very hard refractory ceramic material. Therefore, it is very suitable for machining applications and wear protection. It is used commercially for tool heads for cutting tools. It is usually processed by sintering and is a commonly used grain growth inhibitor in cemented carbide. It has high corrosion resistance.
What is Niobium Carbide NbC Used For?
1.With good chemical stability and high-temperature performance, it is a kind of material with high melting point and high hardness, which is widely used in refractory high temperature materials and cemented carbide additives.
2.Niobium carbide is a ternary and quaternary carbide solid solution component, which is used in hot forging die, cutting tool, jet engine turbine blade, valve, tail skirt and rocket nozzle coating with tungsten carbide and molybdenum carbide.
3. As a carbide cemented carbide additive, it is a ternary and quaternary carbide solid solution component, such as WC-NbC-C ternary system. It can also be used as a purple artificial gem.
4. Used in the production of wear-resistant films and semiconductor films. It can also be used as raw material for the production of molybdenum carbide and for the manufacture of chromium-free special alloys and engineering ceramics.
What is Element Nb?
Nb (atomic symbol: Nb, atomic number: 41) is a D block, fifth family, fifth periodic element with an atomic weight of 92.90638. The number of electrons in each shell of Nb's Bohr model Nb is 2, 8, 18 and 12, and its electronic configuration is [Kr] 4d45s1.
In its elemental form, Nb has a gray metallic appearance. Among all the elements, Nb has the largest magnetic penetration depth and is one of the second kind of superconductors (along with vanadium and technetium) of the three elements. Nb exists in pyrochlore, its main commercial sources and uranium deposits.
Supplier of Niobium Carbide NbC Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and nanomaterials including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality NbC powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
For Germany, the largest economy in Europe, the impact of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict on the natural gas market is the most obvious. This also exposed the serious dependence of some German industrial enterprises on Russian natural gas. Some analysts pointed out that the instability of natural gas supply has had a big impact on the German economy and threatened its market competitiveness because alternative energy supplies will not be cheap and difficult to come quickly. Increased uncertainty over natural gas supplies is putting enormous pressure on German manufacturers in sectors ranging from steelmaking to chemical niobium carbide powder for the time being, but the market demand for niobium carbide powder in the future will also change with the influence of various external factors. If you need niobium carbide powder, please feel free to contact us.
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