Australian alumina ban disrupts Rusal Nickel-based Alloy prices for chemicals. Patel said. "One possible outcome could be Chinese buyers buying alumina and reselling it through eastern Russian ports." Rusal has a 20% stake in the Queensland Alumina Refinery, which has a capacity of 3.95 million tonnes a year, thus providing Rusal with 790,000 tonnes a year, Patel said. In addition, Rusal's Nikolaev refinery in Ukraine, which has an annual capacity of 1.75 million tonnes, has been suspended due to the conflict, he added. WoodMac said Rusal was also experiencing supply chain problems at its 2 million tonne a year Aughinish refinery in Ireland.
What is GH4049 (GH49) nickel base alloy?
GH4049 is a nickel-based superalloy, which is an age-hardening alloy. The corresponding grade is GH49. Its nickel content is about 70%. After the alloy is remelted by electroslag or vacuum arc, its processing plasticity can be improved. GH4049 superalloy has good hot and cold working properties. The alloy has good oxidation resistance below 1000 °C high temperature environment, high high temperature strength below 950 °C, small notch sensitivity, good oxidation resistance and fatigue strength. , poor single hot working plasticity
Main processing properties of GH4049 (GH49) nickel-based alloy
Compared with nickel-based alloys of the same kind, GH4049 superalloy has poor hot working plasticity. It is suitable for making gas turbine working blades with a working temperature of 850-950 °C. It is mainly used to make turbine blades for aviation, naval and industrial gas turbines. , high-temperature components such as guide vanes, turbine disks, high-pressure compressor disks and combustion chambers; also used in the manufacture of space vehicles, rocket engines, nuclear reactors, petrochemical equipment, and coal conversion and other energy conversion devices.
The nano-surface crystal layer was prepared on the surface of GH4049 nickel-based superalloy by the treatment process. The effects of different ultrasonic shot peening intensity and shot peening time on its yield strength, tensile strength and microhardness were analyzed. Residual stress distribution of the specimen after nanoization. The research results show that the increase of shot peening time has no direct relationship with the improvement of material strength, and with the increase of shot peening time, the strength of the material will decrease due to the damage of the material surface. After ultrasonic shot peening, the microhardness was significantly improved compared with that of the untreated specimen, and a compressive stress layer of about thickness was formed on the surface of the specimen, and the large compressive stress far exceeded the yield limit of the material.
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Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.
The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.
Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.
"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.
Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.
Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.
Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the Nickel-based Alloy will be influenced by that.
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